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That’s Hounslow Golf Park! Our aim is to make the awesome game of golf accessible to everyone – because play matters. And you are all very welcome.


Understanding the different types of golf clubs and when to use them

Starting your golf journey is an exciting endeavour, and one of the first steps in it is getting familiar with the clubs in your bag. From woods to wedges, each club has a special role that makes your game more enjoyable and effective. Whether you’re practising at a golf course driving range or playing a full round, knowing which club to use and when can greatly enhance your experience. This blog explains the importance and specific uses of each club type to help beginners feel more confident on their first – or next – golf outing with the aim of helping to make your time on the course both rewarding and fun.

Understanding golf club basics

Let’s start with the words used to describe the different parts of a single club. Each club consists of three main parts: the head, the shaft, and the grip. The head is the part that actually makes contact with the ball. It varies in design and is instrumental in determining loft, spin, and distance for various shots on the course.

The grip is where you hold the club and effectively guide your energy from your through to the clubhead. It’s crafted to provide maximum comfort and control.

Then the bit inbetween the head and the grip is the shaft. It comes in varying lengths and serves as the energy conduit from your swing to the clubhead. Its length and flexibility that is crucial in shaping the course and speed of the ball.

When these three elements function in harmony, you can execute balanced and accurate shots with greater ease.



Types of golf clubs


Woods are your go-to clubs for covering long distances on the golf course. If you’re at the start of a hole and you have a lot of ground to cover, or when practising at a golf driving range, this is where a specific wood, known as the driver, comes into play. The driver has a large head and is designed to give your ball the maximum distance with a lower loft angle—essentially, it helps the ball fly farther and straighter. Recently, both professional and casual players have favoured drivers with slightly higher loft angles for better control and distance.

If you’re not starting a hole but still have quite a bit of fairway ahead of you, you’ll likely opt for a 3 or 5 wood. These clubs have higher loft angles, making it easier to control where the ball will land.


Irons come into play when you’re closer to the green, generally within 200 yards. These clubs have numbers on them, ranging from 3 to 9, plus a special one called a pitching wedge (PW). The lower the number, the further the ball will go, but the harder the club is to use. Many beginners and casual players find it easier to swap out 3 and 4 irons for something like a 7 or 9-wood, as they can be easier and more reliable. These woods are designed to be user-friendly and still cover a good distance.

When should you use an iron? Well, if you’re relatively close to the hole and want to be more precise with your shot, grab an iron. The higher the number on the iron, the shorter the distance it will cover, but with more control. For example, you might use a 9 iron or a pitching wedge when you’re very close to the green and want to pop the ball up high to land softly on the grass.


Hybrids are like the multitaskers of the golf club world. They combine the best parts of woods and irons, making them easier to use, especially for shots that are challenging with traditional long irons. These clubs are particularly useful when you’re far enough away from the green but still need the accuracy that wood might not provide. Because they are more versatile, many players have started to replace their harder-to-hit 3 and 4 irons with hybrids.

Consider picking hybrids up for long-distance shots where you’d usually struggle with an iron but need more control than a wood offers. They can also be a good choice for shots where you’d use a 5 or 7 wood, as hybrids tend to offer similar distance but with better control.

Wedges (including putters)

Wedges are specialised clubs designed for precise, short-range shots, particularly when you’re near the green. The pitching wedge (PW) usually starts the wedge category with a loft of around 46-48 degrees. As you move to clubs like the approach wedge (AW), sand wedge (SW), and lob wedge (LW), the loft increases, providing even more control and lift for your shots. Unlike long-distance clubs, wedges often have a “blade” design, which gives you greater shot control and shaping capabilities. These are crucial tools in your golf bag for mastering close-up plays.

Picking the right club for your shot

Distance: If you’re far from the green, opt for woods or long irons. Closer distances might require wedges or short irons. The ideal place to practise the shots to see the difference a club makes is on a golf driving range.

Lie Angle: Examine the slope where your ball is lying. A flat surface might call for a standard club, while an uneven surface might require a club with more or less loft.

Swing Speed: Faster swings can propel the ball further. Knowing your swing speed helps in selecting a club that complements it, boosting your overall game performance.

Why is it important to understand and choose the right type of golf club?

Choosing the proper type of golf club is essential for both new and experienced players. The proper club can significantly improve your swing, distance, and overall gameplay. Using the correct club for the situation ensures that you get the most out of each shot, optimising both distance and accuracy. Missed opportunities and better scores can result from making the wrong decision.


Beginner and improver lessons as well as individual coaching sessions are great ways to find out more about which clubs to use. Hounslow Golf Park offers a relaxed, inclusive atmosphere, shattering the stuffy stereotypes associated with traditional golf clubs. So whether you’re a keen, capable golfer or a first-timer, Hounslow Golf Park is equipped to enhance your game and your enjoyment.

Contact us today and make your golfing experience a memorable one.

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